Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is very popular throughout the world and now ranks as one of the most sought after toy breeds. A closely related breed is the ‘King Charles Spaniel’. The most obvious difference is a more compact facial shape, but it also has a clearly domed skull when compared with the Cavalier. The ‘Cavalier King Charles’ were bred to be a slightly larger size and the face shape is the main feature distinguishing the separate breeds today.

Cavaliers have a friendly personality and delights in human company of any age. They are wonderful with children and make a loving companion for anyone at times when just wanting to sit and relax. They are not very athletic compared with larger spaniels but have a playful side to their nature, especially if they are introduced to games and play from an early age. They will also enjoy a short daily walk as their exercise routine.

Cavaliers have a life expectancy of 10-12 years however the breed also has a tendency to put on weight as they can be greedy and prone to obesity. In turn this may predispose them to diabetes and heart problems to which they are susceptible, so it is important not to let your Cavalier become overweight as this may worsen especially later in life. Whilst training your Cavalier alternatively you can use healthy options like pieces of carrot or apple instead of other food treats.

Regular grooming is needed for Cavaliers to keep their flowing silky coats in good condition. A slicker brush and comb will remove any tangles through the coat. They tend to get matting or knots around and behind the ears, so this will need to be trimmed or snipped away. As Cavaliers have long ears it’s important to make sure their ears are kept clean from moisture and mites. So during bathing them you need to hold their ear down or put cotton wool in each ear to avoid getting water in the ears. The ears can be cleaned with medicated ear powder and stray hairs to be plucked away from the inside of ears. The eyes can be wiped with cotton wool that has been moistened with eye stain remover. This will also help remove stains around or under the eyes. The tips of toe nails can be cut ensuring not to cut the quick.

Grooming your Cavalier King Charles needs to be done every 6-8 weeks. The ears need to be checked weekly and cleaned if necessary and toenails should be checked and cut during the full grooming session.

The colourings of a Cavalier King Charles are Chestnut Red and White known as ‘Blenheim’, known to be the original strain developed at Blenheim Palace in the 1700’s. Other colours are Black and Tan, Red (known as Ruby) and also the Tri-Colour – (Black, White and Tan).

They will generally grow to about 30.5cms (12inches) height at the shoulder and average weight of 5.5 – 8kgs (12-18lbs) when fully grown.

The Cavalier King Charles makes a great family pet or a loyal loving companion to be by your side and is one of the best breeds you could ever share your life with.

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